Millions of students across Brazil have spent the weekend using the Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (National High School Graduation Exam), better referred to as ENEM, which is the Brazilian equivalent of SATs inside the Usa or possibly a-Levels throughout the uk. The non-compulsory end-of-high school exam has seen major improvements, but has come under fire again because of attendance levels, disruptions and leaked questions.
Education Minister Aloizio Mercadante hailed Brazil’s handling of the enem 2018 – the second biggest exam from the type in the world after China, photo by Wilson Dias/ABr.
This current year some 5.8 million people in Brazil had registered for the exam, but preliminary figures show around 28 percent failed to attend nationally, 25 percent in Rio. Even though this absentee rate has occurred before, some have voiced concerns due to the exam’s new significance for students.
Since 2009 the Ministry of Education proposed all universities should take advantage of the exam being a standard entrance qualification test. Even if this has not been adopted universally, most federal universities (that are free) now use the ENEM exam scores.
Education remains an important challenge for Brazil and highlights the stark inequality the sixth largest economy worldwide faces. Simultaneously Brazil is dealing with a true shortage of skilled professionals, the federal government estimated that this new Brazilian oil fields requires 250,000 new professionals through 2016 alone.
Exactly why so many students missed on the exam is not really fully clear, although some might be explained from the fact the exam is optional, free for many, and schools still provide transcripts to prove academic ability. Some may simply also no more need the certificate, e.g. when they have second opinion of university.
Education Minister Aliozio Mercadante admits that “space in the [university] system is limited,” and therefore this has been limited further for a lot of white middle-class students right after a fifty-percent quota was introduced earlier this season to enhance the number of university students from poorer backgrounds, and also certain ethnic backgrounds, which includes generated debate nationwide.
Messages and pictures shipped to social media marketing sites in the ENEM were among reasons 65 candidates were expelled from exam rooms, photo from Twitter.
It had been also recently reported that twenty percent of 18 to 25 year-olds in Brazil are officially classified as neither studying, nor working or even trying to find work, or doing this dexspky96 the official system.
However, the major problems besetting this year’s test had more related to the running in the enem 2018 inscricao instead of the exam itself: sixty-five candidates were expelled through the exam hall across the two days, including some who sent SMSs or uploaded messages and pictures onto social networks from the exam hall.
Government entities said monitoring systems would improve and that the exam is not really yet perfect, but emphasized that improvements had been manufactured for the “second largest exam of the kind inside the world” after China.
This year’s exam was harder than previous years’ after a variety of complaints the exam was simple for university purposes. Despite improvements, some private universities have told The Rio Times they remain wary of the exam and can “wait until the creases have been ironed out.”
The sisu 2018 candidates’ knowledge across a selection of disciplines, including sciences, math and language. Outcomes are expected on December 28th.